Although Gender and Development (GAD) or Women in Development (WID) policies have been promoted for almost three decades, their feminist ambitions often fall away as they are processed through the bureaucracies of development institutions. While the policies have helped to improve the immediate material condition of women, they have involved public bureaucracies and NGOs in reproducing the conditions for women's subordination. Outcomes rarely challenge the asymmetrical distribution of resources, while in the world of economic policy-making, feminist perspectives are conspicuous by their absence. This book argues that development organizations must be recognized as structurally deeply gendered, and that strategies for women must aim at institutional transformation. It builds a conceptual framework and applies it to empirical case study material, while reflecting on strategies to make accountability to women a routine part of development practice.
Part I Accountability to women - theoretical perspectives: getting representation right for women in development - accountability, consent, and the articulation of women's interests, Katherine Fierlbeck
making development organizations accountable - the organizational, political, and cognitive contexts, Nuket Kardam
fish, feminists and the FAO - translating "gender" through different institutions in the development process, Elizabeth Harrison. Part II Institutionalizing gender equity in state bureaucracies: mainstreaming gender concerns - aspects of compliance, resistance and negotiation, Virginia O. del Rosario
women's movements, the state and democratization in Chile - the establishment of SERNAM, Georgina Waylen
gender and representation - women MPs in the Indian parliament (1991-1996), Shirin M. Rai. Part III Institutionalizing gender equity in NGOs: engendering organizational change - the BRAC case, Aruno Rao and David Kelleher
what's in a design? - the effects of NGO programme delivery choices on women's empowerment in Bangladesh, Brooke Ackerly. Part IV The role of individual agents: actor orientation and gender relations at a participatory project interface, Cecile Jackson
local heroes - patterns of field worker discretion in implementing GAD policy in Bangladesh, Anne Marie Goetz. Part V Women organizing for themselves: what is different about women's organizations?, Tahera Yasmin
women organizing women - "doing it backwards and in high heels", Sheelagh Stewart and Jill Taylor.