Volume I: Foundational Debates 1: Does 'Women's Language' Exist? Part 1: Dominance Framework 1. Robin Lakoff, 'Language and Woman's Place', Language and Woman's Place (New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1975), pp. 3-19. 2. Pamela Fishman, 'Interaction: The Work Women Do', Social Problems, 25 (1978), pp. 397-406. 3. Candace West and Don Zimmerman, 'Small Insults: A Study of Interruptions in Cross-Sex Conversations Between Unacquainted Persons', in B. Thorne, C. Kramare, and H. Henley (eds.), Language, Gender and Society (Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House, 1983), pp. 102-17. 4. William O'Barr and Bowman Atkins, '"Women's Language" or "Powerless Language"', in S. McConnell-Ginet, R. Borker, and N. Furman (eds.), Women in Language and Society (New York: Praeger, 1980), pp. 193-110. Part 2: Difference Framework 5. Daniel Maltz and Ruth Borker, 'A Cultural Approach to Male-Female Miscommunication', in John Gumperz (ed.), Language and Social Identity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), pp. 196-216. 6. Deborah Tannen, '"Put Down that Paper and Talk to Me!": Rapport-talk and Report-talk', You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation (New York: William Morrow, 1990), pp. 74-95. 7. Aki Uchida, 'When "Difference" is "Dominance": A Critique of the "Anti-Power-Based" Cultural Approach to Sex Differences', Language in Society, 21: 547-68, 1992. 8. Nancy Henley and Cheris Kamarae, 'Gender, Power and Miscommunication', in N. Coupland, H. Giles, and J. Wiemann (eds.), Miscommunication and Problematic Talk (Newbury Park, Ca.: Sage Publications, 1991), pp. 18-43. Part 3: Sex as a Sociolinguistic Variable 9. Peter Trudgill, 'Sex, Covert Prestige and Linguistic Change in the Urban British English of Norwich', Language in Society, 1: 179-95, 1972. 10. Patricia Nichols, 'Linguistic Options and Choices for Black Women in the Rural South', in B. Thorne, C. Kramarae, and N. Henley (eds.), Language, Gender and Society (Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House, 1983), pp. 54-68. 11. Penny Eckert, 'The Whole Woman: Sex and Gender Differences in Variation', Language Variation and Change, 1: 245-67, 1989. Part 4: Challenging Global Generalizations: Theoretical Perspectives 12. Penny Eckert and Sally McConnell-Ginet, 'Think Practically and Look Locally: Language and Gender as Community-Based Practice', Annual Review of Anthropology, 21: 461-90, 1992. 13. Deborah Cameron, 'Not Gender Difference but the Difference Gender Makes: Explanation in Research on Sex and Language', International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 94: 13-26, 1992. Part 5: Challenging Global Generalizations: Empirical Perspectives 14. Marjorie Harness Goodwin, 'Cooperation and Competition Across Girls' Play Activities', in A. Todd and S. Fisher (eds.), Gender and Discourse: The Power of Talk (Norwood, New Jersey: Albex, 1988), pp. 55-94. 15. Alice Freed and Alice Greenwood, 'Women, Men and Type of Talk: What Makes the Difference', Language in Society 25: 1-26, 1996. 16. M. H. Stanback 'Language and Black Women's Place: Evidence from the Black Middle Class', in P. Treichler, C. Kramarae, and B. Stafford (eds.), For Alma Mater: Theory and Practice in Feminist Scholarship (Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1985). 17. Penelope Brown, 'Gender, Politeness and Confrontation in Tenejapa', Discourse Processes, 13: 123-41, 1990. 18. Elinor Keenan, 'Norm-makers, Norm-breakers: Uses of Speech by Men and Women in a Malagasy Community', in R. Bauman and J. Sherzer (eds.), Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974), pp. 125-43. Volume II: Foundational Debates 2: Is Language Sexist? Part 1: Sexist Language: Early Articulations 19. Dale Spender, 'Language and Reality: Who Made the World', Man Made Language, 2nd edn. (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980), pp. 138-62. 20. Robin Lakoff, 'Talking about Women', Language and Woman's Place (New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1975), pp. 19-42. Part 2: Sexism and the Linguistic 'Code': Words and Expressions 21. Muriel Schulz, 'The Semantic Derogation of Woman', in B. Thorne and N. Henley (eds.), Language and Sex: Difference and Dominance (Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House, 1975), pp. 64-75. 22. Julia P. Stanley, 'Paradigmatic Women: The Prostitute', in D. Shores and C. Hines (eds.), Papers in Language Variation (University of Alabama Press, 1977), pp. 303-21. 23. Paula Treichler, 'From Discourse to Dictionary: How Sexist Meanings are Authorized', in F. Frank and P. Treichler (eds.), Language, Gender and Professional Writing (New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1989), pp. 51-79. Part 3: Sexism and the Linguistic 'Code': Androcentric Grammar 24. Sandra Bem and Daryl Bem, 'Does Sex-Based Advertising "Aid and Abet" Sex Discrimination?', Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 3: 6-18, 1973. 25. Ann Bodine, 'Androcentrism in Prescriptive Grammar: Singular "They", Sex-Indefinite "He" and "He or She"', Language in Society, 4: 129-46, 1975. 26. Wendy Martyna, 'Beyond the He/Man Approach: The Case for Nonsexist Language', in B. Thorne, C. Kramarae, and N. Henley (eds.), Language, Gender and Society (Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House, 1983), pp. 25-37. Part 4: Gender-Based Language Reform 27. Anne Pauwels, 'How Should Sexist Language be Changed?', Women Changing Language (London: Longman, 1998), pp. 94-139. 28. Marlis Hellinger, 'Revising the Patriarchal Paradigm: Language Change and Feminist Language Politics', in R. Wodak (ed.), Language, Power and Ideology (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1988). 29. Francine Wattman Frank, 'Language Planning, Language Reform, and Language Change: A Review of Guideline for Nonsexist Usage', in F. Frank and P. Treichler (eds.), Language, Gender and Professional Writing (New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1989), pp. 103-33. Part 5: Limitations to Language Reform: Reform in its Social and Cultural Context 30. Fatemah Khosroshahi, 'Penguins Don't Care, But Women Do: A Social Identity Analysis of a Whorfian Problem', Language in Society, 18: 505-25, 1989. 31. Deborah Cameron, 'Problems of Sexist and Non-sexist Language', in J. Sunderland (ed.), Exploring Gender: Questions and Implications for English Language Education (Hemel Hempstead: Prentice Hall, 1994), pp. 26-33. 32. Sally McConnell-Ginet, 'The Sexual (Re)Production of Meaning: A Discourse-Based Theory', in F. Frank and P. Treichler (eds.), Language, Gender and Professional Writing (New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1989), pp. 35-50. 33. Susan Ehrlich and Ruth King, 'Feminist Meanings and the (De)Politicization of the Lexicon', Language in Society, 23: 59-76, 1994. Part 6: Limitations to Language Reform: Discursive Practices 34. Kate Clark, 'The Linguistics of Blame: Representations of Women in the Sun's Reporting of Crimes of Sexual Violence', in Michael Toolan (ed.), Language, Text and Context (London: Routledge). 35. Nancy Henley, Michelle Miller, and Jo Anne Beazley, 'Syntax, Semantics and Sexual Violence: Agency and the Passive Voice', Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 14: 60-84, 1995. 36. Emily Martin, 'The Egg and the Sperm: How Science Has Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male-Female Roles', Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 16: 485-501, 1991. 37. Celia Kitzinger and Alison Thomas, 'Sexual Harassment: A Discursive Approach', in S. Wilkinson and C. Kitzinger (eds.), Feminism and Discourse: Psychological Perspectives (London: Sage Publications, 1995), pp. 32-48. Volume III: Social Constructionist Approaches to Language and Gender Part 1: Gendered Linguistic Practices as Symbolic/Ideological Categories 38. Elinor Ochs, 'Indexing Gender', in A. Duranti and C. Goodwin (eds.), Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 335-58. 39. Susan Gal, 'Language, Gender and Power: An Anthropological Review', in Kira Hall and Mary Bucholtz (eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self (New York: Routledge, 1995), pp. 169-82. 40. Deborah Cameron, 'Gender and Language Ideologies', in Janet Holmes and Miriam Meyerhoff (eds.), Handbook of Language and Gender (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2003), pp. 447-67. 41. Miyako Inoue, 'Gender, Language and Modernity: Toward an Effective History of "Japanese Women's Language"', American Ethnologist, 29: 392-422, 2002. Part 2: Gender Diversity within Communities of Practice 42. Penny Eckert, 'Gender and Sociolinguistic Variation' in Jennifer Coates (ed.), Language and Gender: A Reader (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers 1998) pp. 64-74. 43. Mary Bucholtz, '"Why be Normal?" Language and Identity Practices in a Community of Nerd Girls', Language and Society, 28: 203-23, 1999. 44. Ana Cristina Ostermann 'Communities of Practice at Work: Gender, Facework and the Power of Habitus at an All-Female Police Station and a Feminist Crisis Center in Brazil', Discourse & Society, 14: 473-505, 2003. 45. Joan Pujolar, 'Masculinities in a Multilingual Setting', in S. Johnson and U. Meinhof (eds.), Language and Masculinity (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1997), pp. 86-106. Part 3: Performativity: Normative and Non-Normative Femininities/Masculinities 46. Kira Hall, 'Lip Service on the Fantasy Lines', in Kira Hall and Mary Bucholtz (eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self (New York: Routledge, 1995), pp. 183-216. 47. Jennifer Coates, 'Women Behaving Badly: Female Speakers Backstage', Journal of Sociolinguistics, 3: 65-80, 1999. 48. Marcyliena Morgan, 'Conversational Signifying: Grammar and Indirectness Among African American Women', in E. Ochs, E. Schegloff, and S. Thompson (eds.), Interaction and Grammar (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 405-33. 49. Laura Miller, 'Those Naughty Teenage Girls: Japanese Kogals, Slang and Media Assessments', Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 14: 225-47, 2004. 50. Bonnie McElhinny, 'Challenging Hegemonic Masculinities: Female and Male Police Officers Handling Domestic Violence', in Kira Hall and Mary Bucholtz (eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self (New York: Routledge, 1995), pp. 217-43. 51. Deborah Cameron, 'Performing Gender Identity: Young Men's Talk and the Construction of Heterosexual Masculinities', in S. Johnson and U. Meinhof (eds.), Language and Masculinity (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1997), pp. 47-64. 52. Scott Kiesling, '"Now I Gotta Watch What I Say": Shifting Constructions of Masculinity in Discourse', Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 11: 250-73, 2001. Part 4: Performativity: Liminal and 'Queer' Identities 53. Robin Queen, '"I Don't Speak Spritch": Locating Lesbian Language', in Anna Livia and Kira Hall (eds.), Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender and Sexuality (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 233-56. 54. Robert Podesva, Sarah Roberts, and Kathryn Campbell-Kibler, 'Sharing Resources and Indexing Meanings in the Production of Gay Styles', in K. Campbell-Kibler, R. Podesva, S. Roberts, and A. Wong (eds.), Language and Sexuality: Contesting Meaning in Theory and Practice (Stanford, California: Center for the Study of Language and Communication Publications, 2002), pp. 175-89. 55. Rusty Barrett, 'Indexing Polyphonous Identity in the Speech of African American Drag Queens', in M. Bucholtz, A. Liang, and L. Sutton (eds.), Reinventing Identities: The Gendered Self in Discourse (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 313-31. 56. Kira Hall and Vernoica Donovan, 'Shifting Gender Positions among Hindi-Speaking Hijras', in V. Bergvall, J. Bing, and A. Freed (eds.) Rethinking Language and Gender Research (London: Longman, 1996), pp. 228-66. Volume IV: Contemporary Debates Part 1: Agency Versus Structure: Language and Gender in Institutions 57. Elinor Ochs and Carolyn Taylor, 'The "Father Knows Best" Dynamic in Dinnertime Narratives', in Kira Hall and Mary Bucholtz (eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self (New York: Routledge, 1995), pp. 97-120. 58. Judith Baxter, '"Do We Have to Agree with Her?" How High School Girls Negotiate Leadership in Public Contexts', in J. Baxter (ed.), Speaking Out: The Female Voice in Public Contexts (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), pp. 159-78. 59. Janet Holmes, 'Power and Discourse at Work: Is Gender Relevant', in M. Lazar (ed.), Feminist Discourse Analysis: Gender, Power and Ideology and Discourse (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 31-60. 60. Shonna Trinch, 'The Pragmatic Use of Gender in Latina Women's Narratives', Journal of Speech, Language and the Law, 14: 51-82, 2007. 61. Susan Ehrlich, 'Trial Discourse and Judicial Decision-Making: Constraining the Boundaries of Gendered Identities', in J. Baxter (ed.), Speaking Out: The Female Voice in Public Contexts (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), pp. 139-58. Part 2: Agency Versus Structure: Positioning Gendered Subjects in Popular Culture 62. Mary Talbot, 'A Synthetic Sisterhood: False Friends in a Teenage Magazine', in Kira Hall and Mary Bucholtz (eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self (New York: Routledge, 1995), pp. 143-65. 63. Momoko Nakamura, '"Let's Dress a Little Girlishly!" or "Conquer Short Pants!": Constructing Gendered Communities in Fashion Magazines for Young People', in S. Okamoto and J. Shibamoto Smith (eds.), Japanese Language, Gender and Ideology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004), pp. 131-47. 64. Bethan Benwell, '"Lucky This is Anonymous": Ethnographies of Reception in Men's Magazines: A "Textual Culture" Approach', Discourse & Society, 16: 147-72, 2005. 65. Mary Bucholtz, 'Purchasing Power: The Gender and Class Imaginary on the Shopping Channel', in M. Bucholtz, A. Liang, and L. Sutton (eds.), Reinventing Identities: The Gendered Self in Discourse (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 348-68. 66. Deborah Cameron, 'Language, Sexism and Advertising Standards', On Language and Sexual Politics (London: Routledge), pp. 27-42. Part 3: Methodological Debates: When is Gender Relevant? 67. E. A. Schegloff, 'Whose Text, Whose Context?', Discourse & Society, 8: 165-87, 1997. 68. Margaret Wetherell, 'Positioning and Interpretative Repertoires: Conversation Analysis and Post-Structuralism in Dialogue', Discourse & Society, 9: 387-412, 1998. 69. Celia Kitzinger, 'Doing Feminist Conversation Analysis', Feminism & Psychology, 10: 163-93, 2000. 70. Elizabeth Stokoe, 'Analysing Gender and Language', Journal of Sociolinguistics, 9: 118-33, 2005. 71. Jack Sidnell, 'Constructing and Managing Male-Exclusivity in Talk-in-Interaction', in Janet Holmes and Miriam Meyerhoff (eds.), Handbook of Language and Gender (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2003), pp. 327-52. 72. Marjorie Harness Goodwin, 'Building Power Asymmetries in Girls' Interaction', Discourse & Society, 13: 715-30, 2002. Part 4: Towards a Queer Linguistics 73. Don Kulick, 'Gay and Lesbian Language', Annual Review of Anthropology, 29: 243-85, 2000. 74. Mary Bucholtz and Kira Hall, 'Theorizing Identity in Language and Sexuality Research', Language in Society, 33: 501-47, 2004.