A modern approach to number theory through a blending of complementary algebraic and analytic perspectives, emphasising harmonic analysis on topological groups. The main goal is to cover John Tates visionary thesis, giving virtually all of the necessary analytic details and topological preliminaries -- technical prerequisites that are often foreign to the typical, more algebraically inclined number theorist. While most of the existing treatments of Tates thesis are somewhat terse and less than complete, the intent here is to be more leisurely, more comprehensive, and more comprehensible. While the choice of objects and methods is naturally guided by specific mathematical goals, the approach is by no means narrow. In fact, the subject matter at hand is germane not only to budding number theorists, but also to students of harmonic analysis or the representation theory of Lie groups. The text addresses students who have taken a year of graduate-level course in algebra, analysis, and topology. Moreover, the work will act as a good reference for working mathematicians interested in any of these fields.
1 Topological Groups.- 2 Some Representation Theory.- 3 Duality for Locally Compact Abelian Groups.- 4 The Structure of Arithmetic Fields.- 5 Adeles, Ideles, and the Class Groups.- 6 A Quick Tour of Class Field Theory.- 7 Tate's Thesis and Applications.- Appendices.- Appendix A: Normed Linear Spaces.- A.1 Finite-Dimensional Normed Linear Spaces.- A.2 The Weak Topology.- A.3 The Weak-Star Topology.- Appendix B: Dedekind Domains.- B.1 Basic Properties.- B.2 Extensions of Dedekind Domains.- References.