The hiring of part-time and temporary workers has historically been a mechanism for adjusting imbalance between supply and demand in the labour market. The use of such workers has increased dramatically as technological changes have put a premium of flexibility, and as fringe benefits have come to constitute an increasing percentage of labour costs. Flexibility is sought not only by organizations, but also by individuals: students, women with children, disabled persons, and retirees all benefit by part-time opportunities. This book discusses these opportunities, and the risk involved in employment which is sometimes underpaid and devalued, and from which movement to full-time positions is difficult. This volume represents the work of a cross-section of specialists in labour economics, industrial relations specialists, and social scientists who are engaged in research on the transformation of work in Canada, the United States, and Great Britain. Chapters focus on the structural aspects of part-time workers by official agencies, and expectations and attitudes of part-time workers rooted in a particular society.
"Working part-time: risks and opportunities" may prove particularly useful to sociologists, labour specialists, and relevant government agencies, organizations and unions.
Part 1 Overview: Part-Time Work in the North Atlantic Triangle - the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada, Craig McKie
Part 2 Shaping and Re-Shaping Part-Time Work: Part-Timers - Living on Half-Rations, Sar A. Levitan and Elizabeth A. Conway
Government and Part-Time Work in Canada, Robert J. Drummond
Part-Time Work and the State in Britain, 1941-1987, Celia J. Briar
Part-Time Employment and Industrial Relations in Great Britain in the 1980s, David G. Blanchflower
Ambivalence or Apprehension? The Labour Movement and the Part-Time Worker in Canada, Norene Pupo and Ann Duffy. Part 3 Part-Time Work and the Lifecycle - Youth - Starting Out: Working Youths in the United States - the Implications of Part-Time Work, Robert A. Rothman
Do Part-Time Jobs Improve the Labour Market Chances of High School Graduates?, Graham S. Lowe and Harvey Krahn
Part-Time Work Among Young People in Britain", Angela M. Dale. Part 4 Women and the Part-Time Expedient: Women's Part-Time Work in Britain and in the United States, Shirley Dex
Part-Time Employment among Canadian Women - a Nexus between Capitalism and Patriarchy, Ann Duffy and Norene Pupo. Part 5 Older workers: Part-Time Work and the Older Worker in Canada, P. Lynn McDonald and Richard A. Wanner
Employment and Marginalism of Older Workers in the United States, Lonnie Golden
A Closer Look - Industrial and Occupational Cases
Two-Faces of Part-Time Work - Good and Bad Part-Time Jobs in US Service Industries, Chris Tilly
Part-Time and Occasional Teachers in Ontario's Elementary School System, Isik Uria Zeytinoglu
Gender and Career Trajectory - the Case of Part-Time Faculty, Katherina L.P. Lundy and Barbara D. Warme
The Crisis in Hospital Nursing and the Retreat to Part-Time Work, Jerry Patrick White. Part 6 What of the Future?: Part-Time Work - a Hope and a Peril, Hilda Kahne
Work Sharing and Job Sharing - Whose Priorities Prevail?, Vivienne Monty.